Monday, April 4, 2011

There's a Little Cutie inside:)

There are lots of signs and symptoms telling that a woman is pregnant, can be clinical or also what is common to variety of cultural and many other aspects..

Here, I would love to share 5 somewhat accurate signs telling you that there's a one month old baby growing inside your cozy tummy^^

1. Vaginal bleeding

This can happen several times of which would somewhat indicates an accurate sign of pregnancy.. This happens when the fertilized egg attaches to the uterus (the womb) lining. This process usually starts just after 6 days after fertilization and you would see the vaginal bleeding sign around week or so after that. Note that the bleeding is light and usually lasts for a very short time only.

2. Swollen breasts

Simply said, it's due to increased levels of hormones, hence higher sensitivity and increased soreness in the breasts. The soreness is different from what you might feel just before you have your period. It's somehow more "painful"..  This sign stays till your first trimester.

3. Nausea and vomiting

Commonly called morning sickness. But it's not necessarily happen in the morning.. It can be at any other time of the day or night, or even the whole day! 

4. Sensitivity to odors

It's due to the higher sensitivity towards odors.. You may feel like throwing out, or the odor simply irritates you. The food you usually like can turn into what you may not be able to accept anymore..

5. Extreme fatigue

Ever feel like you are constantly exhausted and out of energy? Of course it's normal to be tired, but not normal if you collapsed earlier than you used to doing the same chores.. Many believe that it is the increased levels of progesterone that contribute to this effect.

Another sign you can check is your early morning body temperature. You, yourself can notice the changes of your body temperature, nonetheless, it's best if you can ask your husband whether it's warmer than usual or not:)

Personally get yourself an over- the- counter UPT (Urine Pregnancy Test), and with all the signs and if the UPT result is positive, have a check with a doctor. You can make a move to seriously help this baby grow:)

Welcome to watch a video I've edited from National Geography show:)

Monday, January 3, 2011

Migraine: How and Why?

We know migraine involves headache, somewhat very severe we hardly can bear. And if you ask me how it occurs, I will simply and briefly say that it's due to the vasodilation of the blood vessels at the brain..

Besides taking pain killer, I would suggest you to take some sips of coffee so as to initiate vasoconstriction of the blood vessels, hence lessen the severity.. It works on me. Well.. First, I have migraine, since I was 9.. Secondly, I'm a coffee lover^^

Withal, I hope this video will really help us all to understand about it:)

Friday, December 17, 2010

It's About You I Would Love To Narrate About

Special thanks and love to whom this story is based on,
Ruzaidah Hj Ramly, My Mother..

My mum first discovered that she’s having hypertension, officially, on 20th of August 2004. To count it in manner, I was 16 that time, in my upper secondary school. None of us really, truly bother about it. I mean, we know hypertension is the value of blood pressure measurement which is higher than its normal value, we know it can be due to unhealthy lifestyle, and we also know most people having it for being stress. But that’s it. At that time, for us, that’s normal for woman in her 50s.


My mum is a housewife. She’s one of the strongest figures I ever have in my list. She gave birth to all 13 of us, normal delivery and care for us more than any mother would be capable of to do. Well, I believe every child will say this about their mother; they deserve those exaggerating compliments indeed. My mum is my dad’s secretary. My dad was always away, may be due to over time, out stations, or meetings. At home, there my mum was, struggling to manage all the children and house matters. She’s the family chef, hair stylist, grooming trainer, florist, teacher, and carpenter, tailor, and even family physician. Being someone who is so much needed by all of us had been deceiving us from realizing that she actually really needs us.

To convey some pieces of my mum’s life, she had been such a dear and very loyal wife to my dad. My dad was a lecturer; in a semi- private institute which standing on by NGOs courtesies.  His income was somehow quite small compared to such a truly time- grabbing work, plus to the number of kids he has to feed. Financially, our life isn’t that easy. Notwithstanding, we didn’t seem to care much about that matter, also didn’t notice someone who actually holds the pressure a lot... Money is not everything, true. But perhaps it’s not wrong to say that almost everything needs money. You can’t pay your kids school fee merely with love, don’t you?

            My mum didn’t really pour her heart out to us. Perhaps because she thought we were too small to digest those pressuring things, or she just didn’t want to get carried away too much by the piteous emotions. Either one, but we believe it was both. She also having migraine of which I honestly never knew how severe migraine is actually is until I experienced it myself. Simple reason, because my mum didn’t show that shocking or pathetic face when years ago, doctor told about it to her while my sisters and me were also there and as far as I can remember, the house chores were always done nicely and neat (there were times it’s not as we, the mischievous kids did the opposite) and we have complete course of meal everyday; breakfast, meal box to school, lunch, tea time, and dinner.

            “Doktor cakap darah mak naik lagi. Sekarang dah 160 ke 170. Bahaya tak tu?”. I remembered clearly what she said while we were talking on the phone years ago. Studying in Science boarding school didn’t help me much to understand the figures well. But by the time I finished my school hood, I had lots of time to read medical stuff, including about hypertension. I knew it better when I started pursuing medical study in 2007. Then I realize how much mum’s hypertension deserves a special care and attention on.

            By 2004 to 2009, her blood pressure records were in the range of 170 to 180mmHg (systolic pressure). The least would be 165mmHg. Her blood pressure doesn’t seem like dropping to a good value. To list things down, she was pretty discipline with her medication and followed the schedule for doctor’s appointment well. Nonetheless, I have to state that she actually keenly hopes she can get to see the doctor once a month instead of only once in 3 months. She hardly being a second- hand smoker as my dad is not a smoker and even two of my brothers are, they always smoke outside of the house. My mum doesn’t do sport but trust me, she’s an active woman. Gardening is her everyday routine besides house chores. She already cut a lot of salt, oil, or coconut milk use in her cooking. These circumstances make her so much bewildered, and me feeling so either.
            Last week when we were talking about her hypertension, I felt very much delighted to know that her blood pressure is now in the range of 130 to 140mmHg. Not a perfect score, but that is definitely good news. I’m much more in bliss when she told me that the value had been so since months ago and it’s maintained. Nothing changes much in what she cooks, what she eats, or even in her daily routine. To boot, she is taking the same medication; Covasc (Amlodipine besylate) 10mg one time a day throughout these years. But there’s something which changes a lot. It’s the amount of smile and laughter she has.

            To be exact, 4 of my elder brothers are already married and they live with their own family. They are staying not that far from our house, but work and family let them have very tiny, miny time to pay a visit to my parents. Both my mum and dad don’t complain about it. They know their sons do have their own family to feed, do have their own children to raise. On the other hand, the rest of us are either in the universities or in the boarding schools. My mum who used to have a hectic and busy life at home taking care of her hubby and her child’s needs back to many previous years ago is now a lonely woman living only with her husband at home. My dad is a retiree now; nevertheless, he can’t really give my mum a good company. My dad had an operation for aneurysm in 2006 which that had limited much of his activities.
            When two of my elder sisters got married in 2008, my mum was actually very upset. They didn’t upset her long though, as now; they are the reasons for her to feel even more contented. My second sister delivered her baby in 2009 while my first sister delivered hers in 2010. Their babies weren’t the first two grandchildren in the family but they are the first group who spend lots of time with their grandmother. Both of my sisters go back home once a week, at least once in a fortnight and even spend some days at home. They somehow let our mum to become the previous her; busy woman who taking care of the kids. It’s just the title is now changed, from “Emak” to “Uwan” (i.e from mother to granny) and the duties are not changing diapers, of feeding baby food, or anything which would torture her aging body, but they are duties I believe all grandmother would love to do; story telling with the little ones, let the little foot running on her self- made home garden surrounded by flowers she planted herself, and bring them to walk around in the evening, sharing the fun giggling of the little ones. And my sisters also provide her the all time favorite womanly activities; shopping.

            Over time, my other brothers pay our parents their visits more often. Not as frequent as my sisters do, but more often then they ever used to. My mother told me that she really wants to be healthy. It’s actually not only during her last week interview with me, but she actually had been saying this so many times before; “Mak tak nak anak cucu mak semua balik, tengok mak sakit. Semua mesti rindu nak makan mak masak”. That sounded simple, but I bet the definitions are beyond what we can interpret. I believe it’s true to say that seeing or feeling us, her children, as well as the grandchildren to be close to her are what making her stronger and happier, and yes, consciously or subconsciously improves her blood pressure.

This is just quarter of all of us:)
            To date, it’s not that now we are no longer having any financial problem. We are. There are still lots of expenditures going around; electricity, phone, internet, food, and there are still 4 of my brothers and sisters who are still studying. In addition to that, grandma and grandpa must put goodies to get for their grandchildren in the budget list either. Family pockets now are from the money of dad’s small pension payment and bits from my brothers and sisters. Their jobs are quite fine and gratifying, but they are young couples, with their own growing families. They have house payments, car payments, and many others that my mum always said she recognized the matter well that she never expect them to give thick bucks every month. She always appreciates no matter how much they give her. My mum is a good banker though. She always is. Despite the tightness of budget through these almost 40 years she got married to my dad, she managed to do good saving to support half of each of her children’s weddings (our family rule for the sons is you can only get married when you have enough saving to do so, and have a steady job), and currently has enough money for her and my dad to perform Hajj in Mecca. Unfortunately, my dad’s condition doesn’t allow them to do so at this moment.

As to windup my mum’s case, I’m not saying that those tablets of Covasc don’t help at all. They are absolutely and unquestionably help. And her healthy lifestyle about foods and her routines are beyond doubt useful for her health. Withal, I would like to say that happiness plays major role for the improvement. Laughter is ambiguously not the best medicine, but it’s one of those.

(1652 words)

*This is another Block 4.2 assignment: “Narrative story based on the interview”, must written less than 2500 words. We already submitted it, I'm just glad to share it here:)*

Saturday, December 11, 2010


As the tittle goes, I'm sitting for this block's examination today..

I'm scared and worry.. God knows, I AM- Extremely, nonetheless, I'm quite excited.

Honestly, this blogging is not based on what I can memorize upon all the facts, concepts, details, but based on my understanding and personal views. But plus with my effort to indeed try my best to memorize those as my preparations to sit the for the paper, I hope those help me to do well in the examination.. Amin..

I have to apologize that I managed not to cover all the discussions to this point, especially the fact that some lectures were given quite late; during the examination week itself. I can't guarantee to continue pouring out the discussions (if you go to INDEX, you can see there are a few topics are still not being discussed). I will, if there are spaces in the midst of business; new block, examinations, thesis, assignments. In any way though, this blog is dedicated for a long- term benefits for me, and I wish I able to make it for everyone too.

Just go to INDEX, it's easier for you to choose which topic you want to read about. My whole reflections are there. That's what I manage to give, so far. Welcome yourself, anytime..

I would like pour my huge appreciation to all the respected professors (especially Prof dr. Laksono as the block coordinator), doctors, guests (from Ministry of Health, RS Sardjito, RS Panti Rapih, DinKes, etc), and every individuals responsibled in conducting our practical sessions, skill laboratories, and many other activities in this BLOCK 4.2 : Health System & Disaster. THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

Last but not least, my very best wishes to all my batchmates; INTERMED 07, including me either. May success and luck be with us. Amin..

Nur Taufiqah Idris.

Reference: My Heart..

Friday, December 10, 2010

It Never Sink.. YET

Infectious disease is one of the many health problem deserve much of our attention, since back to years and years ago till now. The spectrum of these diseases is expanding with the occurrence of new diseases which i. e. the new emerging diseases and the come- back of those once we thought to have been eliminated, the reemerging diseases.

If I ask you, what's the disease you know best which is highly infectious? Easily spread? The spreading affect not only family in house, not only community in one city, not only citizens in one country, but worldwide, GLOBAL. You may name a few, but I'm pretty sure that one of the answers would be INFLUENZA.


It can be flu we all used to experience (at least once in a lifetime, but I'm sure more) since we were little, it can be avian flu, or even swine flu. I chose to discuss about Avian flu the fact that the trains of avian influenza A which causes avian flu is a highly pathogenic H5N1 virus and cause tremendously great effects, globally.
"The root of cause"

Click to enlarge
Avian influenza is an infection caused by avian (bird) influenza (flu) A viruses. These influenza A viruses occur naturally among birds. Wild birds worldwide get flu A infections in their intestines, but usually do not get sick from flu infections (non pathogenic influenza virus). However, avian influenza is very contagious among birds and some of these viruses can make certain domesticated bird species, including chickens, ducks, and turkeys, very sick and kill them.

"How we, human get it"

During an outbreak of avian influenza among poultry, there is a possible risk of infection for people who have contact with infected birds or surfaces that have been contaminated with secretions or excretions from infected birds.

You see, there are 2 main concerns very much highlighted of its effects toward human health:

1. H5N1 virus has caused by far the greatest number of human cases of very severe disease and the greatest number of deaths. It has crossed the species barrier to infect humans on at least three occasions in previous years: in Hong Kong in 1997 (18 cases with six deaths), in Hong Kong in 2003 (two cases with one death) and in the outbreaks that began in December 2003 and were first recognized in January 2004.

2. The risk that the H5N1 virus – if given enough opportunities – will develop the characteristics it needs to start another influenza pandemic.

"How influenza pandemic happens and can start another"

The virus has met all prerequisites for the start of a pandemic save one: an ability to spread efficiently and sustainably among humans. The virus can improve its transmissibility among humans via two principal mechanisms.

1. Reassortment
It's an event in which genetic material is exchanged between human and avian viruses during co-infection of a human or pig. Reassortment could result in a fully transmissible pandemic virus, announced by a sudden surge of cases with explosive spread.

2. Adaptive mutation
A more gradual process, whereby the capability of the virus to bind to human cells increases during subsequent infections of humans. Adaptive mutation, expressed initially as small clusters of human cases with some evidence of human-to-human transmission, would probably give the world some time to take defensive action, if detected sufficiently early.

Actually, many resources stated that there is no effective treatment for avian influenza. Nevertheless, in general, treatment with the antiviral medication oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza) may make the disease less severe -- if the patient start taking the medicine within 48 hours after the symptoms start


Thursday, December 9, 2010

I Can Do Your Job, You Can Do Mine

What's the problem?

One of the main constraints in many of health care problems is a serious shortage of health workers. The shortage of well-trained health workers is global but low- and middle income countries feel the crisis most acutely.

Click to enlarge
The workforce crisis has no single cause. Public health care systems are not training and recruiting enough people. Well, some may say that “Hey, there are so many of them are produced”, or “Come on. There are thousands of students given a scholarship by the government to study things related to health care”. Yes, that’s true. But the truth then, when they enter the working life for good, no one can really have full control of where they are going to pour their service to.

Be it in Malaysia, or Indonesia, the pool of skilled workers is unevenly distributed, with high concentrations in urban areas and many working in the private sector rather than in public health care. Many resign due to the pressure of poor working conditions and low pay. Others migrate to better jobs abroad or with the private sector and nongovernmental organizations.

To be frank, this is a typical phenomenon in Malaysia. Many of us are rich enough to pay the government the whole bucks of money and work abroad, instead of the actual regulation where we have to pay the scholarship given to us by giving our service to the government i.e working in the government hospital for certain period of time.

What's the solution? 

Task shifting refers to a process of delegation whereby tasks are moved, where appropriate, to less specialized health workers. Through this workforce reorganization, task shifting helps making a better use of the human resources currently available.

Let me give some example. When doctors are in short supply, a qualified nurse could often prescribe and dispense the medication. Just like the scenario I gave in my previous post: "That's Ours". I hope anyone out there who used to scold a nurse because of the same reason will read my blog and learn something^^

And that doesn't stop there.The community workers can potentially deliver a wide range of services, thus freeing the time of qualified nurses. Training a new community health worker takes between one week and one year depending on the competencies required. Compare to about 3 years of training required for a nurse to fully qualify. For countries that depend on highly specialized professionals and are therefore highly concentrated and very costly, this task shifting thingy can help to cut the cost (if not much, but still a little, right?)

Save time, save energy, save cost:)

Any proof showing the benefits of  it?

WHO, in collaboration with the Office of the United States Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC), had launched the WHO/OGAC Task Shifting Project as a key contribution to the “Train” element of the “Treat, Train, Retain” plan.
Below is shown how task shifting help in expanding the pool of human resources for health:)

During our group tutorial, some of my friends who went to certain Europe countries for the student exchange program shared their experience about this matter (Thank you William and Hema^^). Even the high-income countries like United Kingdom have also had practical experience with task shifting. How? By empowering nurses to prescribe medication (the routine's) has been successful especially in expanding services.

Same goes to United States  and Australia. They are even more daring though. Task shifting is adapted from professionals to non-professional community members. Many people with chronic conditions, such as asthma, diabetes and HIV infection, are trained to manage their own diseases on a daily basis. Two direct benefits: They need less health care, and have better health outcomes. Beyond that, people living with diseases are also trained becoming somewhat the tutors for other patients in expert patient programs.

What are the important measurements for its implementation?

There are several things very much required to be highlighted. First is that, task shifting must be implemented within systems that contain checks and balances that are sufficient to protect both health workers and the people receiving health care. It’s best to decide things by doing a good checking on its pros and cons. Just like when we are doing a research for a drug: Benefits must outweigh the risks.

Secondly, task shifting must be implemented such that it improves the overall quality of care. It should not and must not be associated with second-rate services. That’s why the appropriate and accurate training are required.

To my conclusion, task shifting can rapidly expand the number of health service providers by better using the available human resources, but no matter what and how it’s done, it still is: NO COMPROMISE ON QUALITY.


    Wednesday, December 8, 2010

    That's OURS

    Miss Nur is a nurse on ward Bougainvillea that morning. Then one patient ring a bell.

    Miss Nur: Yes, what can I help you?
    Patient: I have a headache.. I need my doctor, Dr Taufiqah.

    Miss Nur read through the medical record of the patient. The patient had been hospitalized for 3 days due to Dengue Fever.

    Miss Nur: Your doctor is having an urgent meeting. She used to explain me about your conditions. There's no need for her to come anyway. Here, this will help. (She passed the patient 500mg Paracetamol). You can ring a bell if your headache still persist:)
    Patient: Who do think you are? You are just a nurse. How comes you let yourself giving a medication to me? I said I need my doctor! X(


    That's somewhat typical, right? To the public, more often than not, they have a stigmatization on this. Yes, not all, but they have their own limited perspective on what's the specific list of jobs to specific profession. To us, people in health care of medical field would say that's part of the multiprofessional doings, or task shifting. Nonetheless, even some us are also not clear about it..


    Multi-professional working requires people from different professions and agencies to work together towards meeting the goals or needs. The term ‘Multi-Agency working' or ‘Integrated Working' mean different services, agencies, teams of professionals and other staff working together to provide services that meet the needs the beneficiaries.

    Other terms are also used that would seem to imply similar meaning, including inter-professional, multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, interagency. Barrett et al (2005) suggest the prefix ‘multi' tends to imply the involvement of personnel from different professions, disciplines or agencies, whilst the prefix ‘inter' tends to imply collaboration, particularly in areas such as decision making.

    In this post, I'll try my best to bring us altogether to go deeper into this topic as it's one the very important learning especially for us, the health system members which is part of our leadership and managerial skills in order to handle health problems be it within our matters and definitely in the community. Remember, leadership and managerial skills are not only about giving out orders and health problems are not only patient's disease.

    Professional learning in health system can generally be divided into two:

    2 groups:
    • Physiotherapist/ social worker
    • GP/ Nurse
    • GP/ Health Service manager
      3 or more professional groups:
    • GP, nurses, physiotherapists, pharmacists
    • Works to improve quality of care
    • Involves service users and carers
    • Promotes interprofessional collaboration

    • Professions learn with, from and about one another
    • Enhance practice within the professions
    • Respects integrity and contribution of others
    • Increase professional satisfaction

    As you can see, in general, we can conclude that the main goals of the learnings include to enhance understanding of each others professional role and responsibilities and to help develop team skills, and also to increase knowledge.

    Multi Agency professionals must try to work successfully and be clear about ones role and to be aware of, and respectful of, the roles of other workers and agencies. We should actively seek and respect other people's knowledge and input to deliver the best outcomes for everyone. These behaviors should apply across the public, private and voluntary sectors.

    The skills and knowledge of each individual are the source of betterment. One of the most important skills are the communication and teamwork. An effective communication between the personnel are very important to fruit a very well- done collaboration. The openness to share is also one of the main contributor for the improvement and learning. Knowledge are something goes beyond infinity. Imagine a bunch of intelligent people in one round of table:) Everyone knows or at least learn to know each others role and remit, and open to provide quires or opinions.

    Well.. As I like to quote:


    Next post would be about "Task Shifting", which also part of the art and science of leadership and managerial skills in order to handle health problems. Welcome to come visit here again:)


    Tuesday, December 7, 2010

    More Than Just A Talk

    Communication is the creation or exchange of thoughts, ideas, emotions, and understanding between sender(s) and receiver(s). It is essential whether to build or to maintain bonding or relationship.

    Effective communication skills are truly important, be it as simple as in a conversation between two people or complex as in a team, institutions, or even community. It is indeed a backbone for the basic functions many things, more significantly for management.

    I've been wondering hard how would I discuss this, so instead of making a set of lecture or a long article, I chose to make one case to be discussed based on the specific skills as the importance of communication skills in the identification of problems, making analysis, and planning for required action depends on the function itself.

    Now, hold my hand; let’s put ourselves as one team. (Yes, you n me and our few other imaginary team members..) We were given Rp 20millions by UGM Red Cross Organization to manage logistics aid to Desa XXX in conjunction to Merapi eruption.

    The very main principle in this case is for each individual to bring themselves practicing "assertive" style of communication of which there are 4 types of communication style:

    You win and everyone else loses
    You lose and everyone else wins
    You lose and you do everything you can to make others loses too
    Everyone wins

    Communication skill 1: Ability to make a good ice breaking and introduction

    This may be the first time we met. Come on, introduce ourselves to one another~ Let say we already know each other, hence a warm greeting would be very nice:)

    Then we can start to dip our toe into our main purpose. Everyone have to list down what's the necessities actually are. Give opportunity to each other to convey ideas and explanations based on individual's perspectives. Avoid misunderstandings or even debate on matters not in line to everyone's satisfaction. Everyone has to be open and ready to give and to accept comments: positive or negative.

    Communication skill 2: Ability to convey the goals and objectives

    Together we defining our goals and objectives or what we are trying to achieve. Everyone must cooperate and must not be too ignorance yet too persuasive for their opinions to be accepted by all. We must remember that goals and objectives should be specific, realistic and listed in order of importance.

    Communication skill 3: Ability to be cooperative and responsive

    1. To our team members. 2. To our UGM Red Cross Organization 3. To the community of Desa XXX. You see, to only acknowledged that the people of desa XXX is our target beneficiaries is not enough. We have to get to know them better: their condition, the people, the place so we can plan the best actions for them. In this case, everyone has the responsibility to do research about what will be provided in the logistics we are going to deliver. 

    Communication skill 4: Ability to be understanding

    There are many, but I take one very typical problem occurring when a team/ group/ institutions/ community held a meeting or something: TIME MANAGEMENT. You see, a good timing is somehow what makes a good discussion useful. Too short won't help much for people to digest the topics being brought on, but too long won't help to make people give full attention to. Everyone must know or at least attempt to know what the priorities actually are. Remember that everyone has their own thing- to do- list. Be tolerable:)

    Communication skill 5: Ability to do essential evaluation

    It's like a rolling procedure to end our discussion. We go thoroughly checking had we list out the correct problems? Had we make a good analysis? Had we provide a good plan? And we also evaluate ourselves. Everyone must ready to improve especially if there's any flaws in the midst of the conversations. Problems identifications are done. Analysis had been made. Plans are listed. Now we can work on the actions:)

    The fundamental of these measurements are based on the key aspects of GOOD CLINICAL PERFORMANCE in accordance to the concept of "Systematic Working & Systematic Thinking":

    "The right things are done (correct problems being identified) in the right way (correct analysis) at the right time for the right person (the organization, team members, community), by the right people with right behavior (good and effective communication skills)".


    Well.. We're done with the teamwork imaginary role- playing. Thank you for reading my rigmarole till here, though:)  These are just a very few examples I can put here, and I'm sure there are many more good communication skills within those. All of all, I believe the values of good and effective communication skills explains well upon it importance. In any situation, good and effective communication skills are like a battery to a clock. That's what make it works~

    • "Communication in Working Place", Guest lecture: Panti Rapih Hospital
    • "Interpersonal Communication and Advocacy", Practical Session (Public Health)

    Monday, December 6, 2010

    MEDICAL DOCTOR: Up Close and Personal

    When I was a little girl, I love having a role- play with my siblings and friends; as a doctor, nurse or patient. Little that I know at that time, doctor's responsibility is far beyond injecting patient or having nurse do whatever a doctor order them to or having a nurse to wipe the sweat using piles of tissue during the operation procedure..

    Leadership and Role as a Member of Organization, Society, & Citizen.


    The role of medical doctors as members of society, and citizen refer to the functions of a doctor as a leader in 4 main areas in health care:

    1. Health Promotion 
    Doctors advocate for public health policies and provide advice and care aimed to improve health and wellbeing.

    2. Disease and injury prevention 
    Counseling and screening for acute and chronic diseases are integral to the role of doctors. Well.. Prevention is better than cure:)
    3. Chronic Disease Management
    This include the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of complications (secondary prevention).

    4. Health Surveillance 
    It's doctor's job to care for and report suspected or confirmed infectious diseases that threaten the health of people. Through screening, diagnosis and reporting, doctors play a major role in helping to reduce the severity of outbreaks.


    The duties towards doctors' profession include working together with other physicians to create a healthier community, country, and world for everyone to live in. Any member of the organization is best treated as partners:)
    Doctors are the usually a leader in the healthcare of which there are list of must- be - so in the pockets:
    • Have a strong commitment to excellent service and communicate it through words and deeds – clearly and consistently to those inside and outside the organization
    • Creating and sustaining the organizational culture and convincing their employees to believe in that culture as well
    • Motivate people develop their talents, provide them with proper resources,  and reward them when they succeed
    Medical doctors also must know that they are the essential parts of organizations that profoundly influence people’s live. They will work hard on behalf of that team’s goal because they are so committed to the purpose of the organization. .

    “ Act as a Leader, not a Manager,
      Stop Managing, Start Leading !”
    (Robert Flater: “Jack Welch and GE Way”)
    When it comes to teamwork, doctors must remember that they are part of the team. Members can be anybody; other doctors, specialists, nurses, paramedics, volunteers, NGOs, and many other. 

    This is when the implementation of the concept of systematic working & systemic thinking plays a very major role for the sake of betterment in the role of a medical doctor.

    "They should know that they can not work alone, with competence of others they will get synergism."
    (Fattler MD, Ford RC, & Heaton CP; 2006)

    Individuals within the organization are charged with the responsibility for the completion of each task (systematic) while maintaining a partnership with a deep understanding of the proportional rights in order to obtain synergy in the organization (systemic). Similarly, there should be cooperation among organizations in order to obtain synergies in one country.
    • "Leadership and Teamwork", lecture by Prof. dr. Budi Mulyono, Sp. PK (K)
    • "Communication in Working Place", Guest lecture: Panti Rapih Hospital
    • "Poor Team- Working in Health Care Personnel", GROUP 8 TUTORIAL SESSIONS (Week 4)
    • "Systemic Thinking", Practical Session guidelines in BLOCK 4.2 Lab. Manual Book: Health System & Disaster, UGM. Guided by Prof. dr. Laksono Trisnantoro, M. Sc., Ph. D

    Sunday, December 5, 2010

    Love Like This

    For today's post, I won't be discussing about things theoretically. Notwithstanding, they surely do have certain theoretical concept I've been discussing in my previous posts as the fundamental values. Lots of programs held and done in relation to disaster during the prevention, mitigation, response, and yes during the recovery period. You can check on the topics at my INDEX and browse on any that you would like to read.

    Here you have my listings of programs that put a smile and even laughter not only to the victims, but also to me :)

    I chose programs held for Merapi eruption event as I, myself had the experience to feel and witness the whole plots of the disaster. *Err.. minus the part where we, the Malaysians were taken back by the embassy for the evacuation..*

    1. Government

    At any level; national, provincial, or district, it's obvious that government plays a very major role in the walk of program for the victims. Some may not be satisfying, but let's us take the positiveness of those:)
    Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) during his visit to a temporary shelter in Klaten of Indonesia's central Java province November 3, 2010. (Source: TotallyCoolPix)
    Amongst all of SBY's statements, this one is my favourite:

    "Saya akan berangkat, menunggu persiapan ke depan, karena saya harus berada dengan rakyat di sana. Untuk memastikan saya berada di sana bersama mereka."

    2. Private authority
    Click to know details about the program.

    By 22 November 2010, Super deal 2 Milyar (2 Millions) hits the telly with different approach from its previous ones'. It comes with the concept of care, as a concern for the victims of the eruption of Mount Merapi. The shooting is done in "Gelanggang Olah Raga" (Sports Arena), of the University of Yogyakarta.

    The program broadcasts on ANTV channel everyday at 7.30PM (1930 WIB).

    Say CHEESE :D
    3. Volunteers

    Read more about Mr Kamen Rider visit at UMY News~
    Familiar to the figure with the kids? That's Kamen Rider, the hero for the kids no matter the kids are any spoiled children with home dear family, living safe and sound at home, or the children at the refugee camp :)

    This all- time superhero was brought especially to cheer the kids at the UMY refugee camp (Posko Pengungsi UMY) by IKOM Radio dan Divisi INFOKOM UMY.

    I somehow believe Mr Kamen Rider had not only cheering the kids but the adults as well. He was one of our childhood hero either, isn't he? *Well.. Okay, may be not to you, but he is to me^^*

    Well.. There are truly only a few out of lots, lots, lots more programs held. To put even a quarter of those would require hundreds posts in this humble blog of mine. It shows that bringing smile to others help putting a smile to ourselves, don't you think?


    Saturday, December 4, 2010

    Prevention is Better than Cure

    A disaster not only brings suffering or injuries at the time it strikes  but afterward, too, in the form of psychological effects and infectious disease. The mental and emotional effects of natural disasters may not be apparent at first. This is because the first reaction is to take care of the physical damage while on the other hand, the agents of infectious disease find favorable conditions after a catastrophe and can easily spread if nothing is done to prevent them.


    Typically, in a state of emergency, people need to be rescued and their physical safety is of first concern. Efforts are focused on cleaning up, rebuilding and providing shelter, etc. Because there are so many things that need to be taken care of, many people have to put their emotions on the back burner while they deal with the physical damage..
    Mental health phases after disaster
    There are two main things needed to be done on the victims:

    1. Prompt treatment
    Every single psychiatry symptoms finding should be considered as important signal as a psychopathology condition. Can be like people who appear to keep on being silent or hysterical cry or shouts.

    2. Regular evaluation
    Evaluation of the mental status of disaster- affected people should be done routinely. The procedures can be started right after the triage is done and continue thoroughly.

    I've discussed about the clinical emergency response on physically and psychologically in my previous post. Welcome to read it back :)

    Meanwhile, the prevention measurements should also being intervened towards the staff in charge for the psychological managements. They may be are already trained to do the job, nonetheless, they are also human with limitation of strength. Hence, it's recommended that these workers are placed in disaster affected area in less than 2 weeks. They have to avoid from experiencing psychiatric morbidity protecting them from any flaws on their emotion, energy, and even activities so they can be a truly good support group for the victims.


    Lots of people are in close proximity during a time that challenges the ability practice normal hygiene, with strained bathroom facilities and diaper changes occurring in close quarters. Worst when they can't get clean water sources. It can also due to problems finding fresh clothes and laundry facilities and disposing of trash. It's not uncommon for people in the refugee camp to suffer diarrhea, nausea and respiratory illnesses, including colds.

    The general safeguards which can be done and yes; can be explained to the refugees for them to really practice may include:
    • Water must be boiled or treated with iodine or chlorine before using it to clean, cook with or drink.
    • Fully cook food.
    • Wounds need to be cleaned as soon as possible and care should be taken to avoid new ones. Make sure they know who and where that they can get a treatment from.
    • Hygiene is one of the best infectious disease preventions. The victims notwithstanding, may not be able to care on this by themselves. There are so many of them and they have their own problems to deal with.. It's mostly (yes, not 100%) our responsible. Staff or volunteers to the the sanitary procedures are very important.
    Here is the example of good management which support the prevention of infectious disease in the refugee camp on the Merapi eruption victims :)

    Click to enlarge
    That describes the condition of Posko SD Gambiranom, Manukan, Condongcatur, Depok (it's actually a school. Read the whole story for full details). One of the best statement to be highlighted is, 

    "Secara umum, di posko ini, pengungsi dan relawan bekerjasama agar kondisi pengungsian tetap bersih dan rapi."

    Translated: "In general, in this post, refugees and volunteers working for the refugee condition is kept clean and tidy."
    Crystal clear, right?
    The responsible for these preventions measurement goes to everyone involving in the circumstances :)

    • "Disaster Management in Mental health", lecture by dr. Bambang Hastha Yoga, Sp. KJ
    • "Disaster Surveillance", Guest lecture: Dinkes Propinsi DIY